Arkwright built the first steam powered textile factory in Nottingham,
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin -
machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple
Marie Jacquard invented the Jacquard Loom that weaved complex designs.
Jacquard invented a way of automatically controlling the warp and weft
threads on a silk loom by recording patterns of holes in a string of cards*.
invented the variable speed batton (for an improved power loom).
William Perkin invented the first synthetic dye.