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Inventors Spinning Mule - Samuel Crompton
By Mary Bellis

In 1779, Samuel Crompton invented the spinning mule that combined the moving carriage of the spinning jenny with the rollers of the water frame. The spinning mule gave the spinner great control over the weaving process, many different types of yarn could be produced. It was improved upon by William Horrocks, known for his invention of the variable speed batton in 1813.

All the inventors of the eighteenth century had difficulty over their patents. Resentment was felt by contemporaries for people who controlled something so intangible and so desirable as an exclusive right to make a necessary machine probably prevented Samuel Crompton from obtaining for his " spinning mule " the patent, which was then patented by the famed industrialist Richard Arkwright. It took Samuel Crompton over five long years to invent and perfect the Spinning Mule. Crompton supported his inventing by working as a violinist at the Bolton Theatre for pennies a show, spending all his wages on the development of the spinning mule.

A British Commons Committee, dealing with Samuel Crompton's claims in 1812 said that "the method of reward to an inventor, as generally accepted in the eighteenth century, was that the machine, etc., should be made public, and that a subscription should be raised by those interested, as a reward to the inventor." This was all right before invention required much capital, but after the industrial revolution money was almost absolutely essential for the production of any great technical improvement.

Samuel Crompton

Samuel Crompton (1753-1827)
Samuel Crompton's machine combined the best features of both the Spinning Jenny and Arkwright's Water (spinning) Frame.

Samuel Crompton
Samuel Crompton born December 3rd 1753 on a farm at 10, Firwood Fold, to George and Betty (nee Elizabeth Holt of Turton) Crompton, was the inventor of the Spinning Mule.

Related Innovations
Industrial Revolution - Timeline of the Textile Industry

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