|The Phoenicians develop an alphabet.
The Sumerians develop cuneiform
writing - pictographs of accounts written on clay tablets.
The Egyptians develop hieroglyphic
||Greeks use a phonetic alphabet written
from left to right.
||Oldest record of writing in China
||The first encyclopedia is written
||The very first postal service -
for government use in China.
||First recorded use of homing pigeons
used to send message - the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians.
||The Greeks start the very first
|Papyrus rolls and early parchments
made of dried reeds - first portable and light writing surfaces.
on foot or horseback common in Egypt and China with messenger relay stations
fire messages used from relay station to station instead of humans.
||Heliographs - first recorded use
of mirrors to send messages by Roman Emperor Tiberius.
||First bound books
||Tsai Lun of China invents paper
as we know it.
||First wooden printing presses invented
in China - symbols carved on a wooden block.
type invented - clay - invented in China by Pi Sheng.
appear in Europe.
Gutenberg invents a printing press with metal movable type.
Obscura invented - primitive image making.
||First daily newspaper
||Englishmen, Henry Mill receives
the first patent for a typewriter.
Chappe invents the first long-distance semaphore (visual or optical)
Nicéphore Niépce achieves the first photographic image.
Wheatstone reproduces sound in a primitive sound box - the first microphone.
Henry invents the first electric telegraph.
||Samuel Morse invents Morse
Morse invents the first long distance electric telegraph line.
Alexander Bain patents the first
||United States starts the Pony
Express for mail delivery.
Coleman Sellers invents the Kinematoscope
- a machine that flashed a series of still photographs onto a screen.
||American, Sholes the first successful
and modern typewriter.
||Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph
- an office copying machine.
Alexander Graham Bell patents the
Melvyl Dewey writes the Dewey Decimal
System for ordering library books.
patents the phonograph - with a wax cylinder as recording medium.
Muybridge invents high speed photography - creating first moving pictures
that captured motion.
||Emile Berliner invents the gramophone
- a system of recording which could be used over and over again.
Eastman patents Kodak roll film camera.
Strowger patents the direct dial telephone or automatic telephone exchange.
Marconi improves wireless telegraphy.
Poulsen invents the first magnetic recordings - using magnetized steel
tape as recording medium - the foundation for both mass data storage on
disk and tape and the music recording industry.
||Guglielmo Marconi transmits radio
signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland - the first radio signal across the
||First regular comic
Deforest invents the electronic amplifying tube or triode - this allowed
all electronic signals to be amplified improving all electronic communications
i.e. telephones and radios.
||Thomas Edison demonstrated the first
||First cross continental telephone
||First radios with tuners - different
||The television or iconoscope
(cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - first television
Baird transmits the first experimental television signal.
||Warner Brothers Studios invented
a way to record sound separately from the film on large disks and synchronized
the sound and motion picture tracks upon playback - an improvement on Thomas
||NBC starts two radio networks.
broadcasts in England.
Warner Brothers releases "The Jazz
Singer" the first successful talking motion
||Radio popularity spreads with the
"Golden Age" of radio.
broadcasts in the United States.
Movietone system of recording film
sound on an audio track right on the film invented.
Begun invents the first tape recorder for broadcasting - first magnetic
broadcasts able to be taped and edited - rather than only live.
||Computers like Harvard's
Mark I put into public service - government owned - the age of Information
||Long playing record invented - vinyl
and played at 33 rpm.
invented - enabling the miniaturization of electronic devices.
starts in U.S.
45 rpm record invented.
are first sold commercially.
||Chester Carlson invents the photocopier
Circuit invented - enabling the further miniaturization of electronic
devices and computers.
codes invented in the United States.
||Xerox invents the Telecopier - the
first successful fax
- the first Internet started.
||The computer floppy
invented - considered a computer on a chip.
||HBO invents pay-TV service for cable.
I home computer invented.
First nationwide programming - via
satellite and implemented by Ted Turner.
phone communication network started in Japan..
||Sony Walkman invented.
PC first sold.
First laptop computers sold to public.
mouse becomes regular part of computer.
||Time magazines names the computer
as "Man of the Year."
phone network started in the United States.
IBM PC AT released.
telephones in cars become wide-spread.
CD-ROMs in computers.
||American government releases control
of internet and WWW is born - making communication at lightspeed.