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The British sub which sank the Turkish battleship "Messudiyah"
- Main Page
- Evolution of Submarine Design
- The Saga of the Submarine
- Sub Photos
Related Innovations
- Nautical Inventions
- Scuba Diving Equipment
- Missile Systems
- Depth Charge
- Sonar
- Periscope

Designs for underwater boats date back to the 1500s. In the 19th century, the first useful submarines began to appear. During the Civil War, the Confederates built the H.L. Hunley, a submarine that sank a Union ship, the U.S.S. Housatonic, in 1864. But it wasn't until World War I that the first truly practical submarines emerged.

Timeline - Evolution of Submarine Design
The evolution of submarine design, from its beginning as a compressed air or human powered warship to today's nuclear power - timeline style.

History - The Saga of the Submarine
From the early 1500s to the beginning of nuclear power several pages of detailed history.

Submarine Photos
Photos of historical submarines.

Famous Submarine Inventors
Cornelis Drebbel
Cornelis Drebbel's many inventions include the first navigable submarine.

The Turtle - David Bushnell
It was one of America's first submarines designed by David Bushnell, a weapon designed to offset Britain's naval supremacy in the War of 1812.

John Holland
John Holland introduces the Holland VII and later the Holland VIII (1900). The Holland VIII with its petroleum engine for surface propulsion and electric engine for submerged operations served as the blueprint adopted by all the world's navies for submarine design up to 1914.

Submarine Websites
The Submarine
Several articles detailing history and use of submarines from the US navy: Submarine Technology Through the Years - History of the U.S. Navy Submarine Force - Chronology of Important Events in Submarine Force History - Submarines on "Eternal Patrol" (1941-1945) - Submarine Tenders - Frequently Asked Questions.

For Kids: Lesson Plan - Build Your Own
Build your own submarine.

The history of the periscope.

US submarines K1, K2, K5, and K6 in harbor

©Mary Bellis

Photos courtesy of "Photos of the Great War" website

Next page > Evolution of Submarine Design

From Mary Bellis,
Your Guide to Inventors.
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