The first motor truck was built
in 1896 by the German automotive pioneer Gottlieb Daimler. Daimler's truck
had a four-horsepower engine and a belt drive with two forward speeds and
one reverse. It was the first pickup truck. Daimler also produced the world's
first motorcycle in 1885 and the first taxi
(Extract from Press Release INTERNATIONAL
TOWING AND RECOVERY HALL OF FAME AND MUSEUM, INC.)
The towing industry was born in 1916
in the city of Chattanooga, after Ernest Holmes, Sr., a native Chattanoogan,
helped a friend retrieve his car with three poles, a pulley and a chain
hooked to the frame of a 1913 Cadillac. After patenting his invention,
Holmes began manufacturing wreckers and towing equipment for sale to automotive
garages and anyone interested in retrieving and towing wrecked or disabled
autos. His first manufacturing facility was a small shop on Market Street,
just a few blocks from the museum.
Holmes’ business grew as the auto
industry expanded and eventually its products earned a worldwide reputation
for their quality and performance. Ernest Holmes, Sr. died in 1943, and
was succeeded by his son. Ernest Holmes, Jr. ran the company until he retired
in 1973. That year the company was sold to the Dover Corporation. That
same year the founder’s grandson, Gerald Holmes, left the company and started
a new one, Century Wreckers. He built his manufacturing facility in nearby
Ooltewah, Tennessee, and quickly rivaled the original company with his
hydraulically powered wreckers.
Eventually, assets of both companies
were bought by Miller Industries, which also bought other wrecker manufacturers.
Miller has retained the Century facility in Ooltewah where both Century
and Holmes wreckers are presently manufactured. Miller also makes Challenger
The American Society of Mechanical
Engineers (ASME) defines a powered industrial truck as a "mobile, power-propelled
truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack, or tier materials." Powered
industrial trucks are also commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks,
rider trucks, forktrucks, or lifttrucks.
General Motors Company trucks.
Mack Trucks, Inc. was founded in 1900 by Jack and Gus Mack in Brooklyn, NY,
and was originally known as the Mack Brothers Company.
A brief history of Fargo trucks.
A history of farm tractors,
early inventors, bulldozers, forklifts and related machinery.
image from agrinet
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