The History of Tobacco
Innovations related to the tobacco industry.
Nicotiana tabacam is the plant used in cigarettes and is the predominant type of crop tobacco.
Automated Cigarette Rolling MachineIn 1882, the cigarette was a specialty item made by hand, sold for a penny apiece, and very much the stepchild of other tobacco products. However, that was about to change.
An automated cigarette rolling machine, developed by 18-year-old James Bonsack, was put into use in 1883 and revolutionized cigarette production. The retail price was cut in half, and volume, which in premachine days had never exceeded 500 million, leaped to 10 billion by 1910. American Tobacco was able to take advantage of this new technology and, like Standard Oil, was such a success that it, too, was broken up by the feds in 1911.
Zippo Cigarette LighterZippo Manufacturing was founded in 1932 by George G. Blaisdell. He developed the Zippo cigarette lighter in late 1932.
Nicorette GumNicorette gum is a form of Nicotine Replacement Therapy, or NRT for short developed by SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals the current makers of Nicorette gum. The gum is an aid to help you quit smoking by reducing nicotine withdrawal symptoms.
Nicotine PatchU.S. patent #4,946,853 was issued on August 7, 1990 for a "Method for the treatment of withdrawal symptoms associated with smoking cessation and preparations for use in said method" The inventors were: Yvonne Bannon, John Corish, Owen Corrigan, Edwars Geoghegan, and Joseph Masterson.