Spangler invented a portable electric vacuum cleaner - the Hoover Vacuum
In 1907, James
Spangler, a janitor working in a Canton, Ohio department store, deduced
that the carpet sweeper he used on the job was the source of his cough.
(James Spangler was an asthmatic.) He tinkered with an old fan motor, attached
it to a soap box stapled to a broom handle, and using a pillow case as
a dust collector on the contraption James Spangler invented a portable
and electric vacuum cleaner. Spangler's vacuum
cleaner was the first to use both a cloth filter bag and cleaning attachments,
he improved this basic model and received a patent for it in 1908.
formed the Electric Suction Sweeper Company to manufacture his new vacuum
cleaner. One of his first customers was his own cousin, who was married
to William Hoover, a saddlemaker and leather merchant looking for a new
business. William H. Hoover was so impressed with the vacuum cleaner that
his wife bought that Hoover bought into Spangler's business and patents,
becoming the president of the Electric Suction Sweeper Company. William
Hoover renamed the company the Hoover Company in 1922. James Spangler stayed
on with the Hoover Company as the superintendent.
made further improvements to the vacuum cleaner that resembled a bagpipe
attached to a cake box. A novel look that was very functional. Sluggish
sales of the Hoover vacuum cleaner were given a kick by Hoover’s ten day,
free home trial. Hoover came up with the idea of door-to-door salesmen
who gave home demonstrations of the new vacuum cleaners. Eventually, there
was a Hoover ® vacuum cleaner in nearly every American home.
History of the Vacuum Cleaner
The history of the vacuum cleaner
including carpet sweepers, gas vacuums cleaners, the first electric vacuum
cleaners, and modern vacuum cleaners.
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