Polaroid Photography - Instant
photography was invented by Edwin Land. Land was the American
inventor and physicist whose one-step process for developing and printing
photographs created a revolution in photography - instant photography.
You can view Edwin Land's patent for the polaroid camera on the left for
the camera that allowed the photographer to remove a developing print after
the picture had been snapped. Edwin Land founded the Polaroid Corporation
to manufacturer his new camera. The first poloroid camera was sold to the
public in November, 1948.
In 1960, Edwin Land approached the Henry
Dreyfuss design company to collaborate on a camera design, the result of
which was the Automatic 100 Land Camera and then Polaroid Swinger camera
in 1965. The black and white Swinger camera sold for under $20 and was
a big hit with consumers.
Apparatus for Exposing and Processing Photographic Film
On April 26, 1976, one of the largest
patent suits involving photography was filed in the U.S. District Court
of Massachusetts. Polaroid Corporation, the assignee of numerous patents
relating to instant photography, brought an action against Kodak Corporation
for infringement of 12 Polaroid patents relating to instant photography.
On October 11, 1985, after five years of vigorous pretrial activity and
75 days of trial, seven Polaroid patents were found to be valid and infringed.
Kodak was out of the instant picture market leaving customers with useless
cameras and no film. Kodak offered camera owners various compensation for
Land - Polaroid Photography
Polaroid Photography was invented
by Edwin Land.
Land - Instant Photography
Edwin Land invented the polaroid.
History of Photography and The Camera
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