Louis Pasteur was born in Dole France,
married to Marie Laurent and had five children. Three of his children died
of typhoid fever, maybe leading to Pasteur's drive to save people from
disease. He graduated in 1842 from Besancon College Royal de la Franche
with honors in physics, mathematics, Latin, and drawing. Louis Pasteur later attended
Ecole Normale to study physics and chemistry, specializing in crystals.
In his early research Pasteur worked with the wine growers of France, helping
with the fermentation process to develop a way to pasteurize and kill germs. Pasteur then worked within the textile industry finding a cure for a disease
affecting silk worms. Louis Pasteur also found cures for chicken cholera, anthrax
The Pasteur Institute was opened in 1888. During
lifetime it was not easy for him to convince others of his ideas, controversial
in their time but considered absolutely correct today. Pasteur fought to
convince surgeons that germs existed and carried diseases, and dirty instruments
and hands spread germs and therefore disease. Pasteur's pasteurization
process, kills germs and prevents the spread of disease.
Louis Pasteur's main contributions to microbiology
and medicine were; instituting changes in hospital/medical practices to
minimize the spread of disease by microbes or germs, discovering that weak
forms of disease could be used as an immunization against stronger forms
and that rabies was transmitted by viruses too small to be seen under the
microscopes of the time, introducing the medical world to the concept of
"Did you ever observe to whom the
accidents happen? Chance favors only the prepared mind" - Louis Pasteur
Pasteur Louis Pasteur's inventions were
based on fermentation and improved brewing, Louis Pasteur invented
Pasteur His discovery that most infectious
diseases are caused by germs, known as the "germ theory of disease," is
one of the most important in medical history.
Pasteur (1822-1895) If one were to choose among the
greatest benefactors of humanity, Louis Pasteur would certainly rank at
the top. He solved the mysteries of rabies, anthrax, chicken cholera, and
silkworm diseases, and contributed to the development of the first vaccines.