to Mercator's Atlas sive Cosmographicae, 1585-1595.
of the Library of Congress, Rare Book Division, Lessing J. Rosenwald Collection.
A map projection
is used to portray all or part of the round Earth on a flat surface. This
cannot be done without some distortion. For example, the basic Mercator
projection is unique; it yields the only map on which a straight line drawn
anywhere within its bounds shows a particular type of direction, but distances
and areas are grossly distorted near the map's polar regions. It was introduced
by Geradus Mercator in 1569.
The Mercator projection was developed
in 1569 by Gerardus Mercator as a navigation tool.
The map projection that bears his
name he first used in 1569. He is also the first to use the term 'atlas'
for a collection of maps.
Gerhard Kremer, or Gerardus Mercator
was the leading mapmaker of the 15th Century.
Copernicus - Globes
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