Inventors
The
History of Mathematics and Accounting
By
Mary
Bellis
Accounting
The innovative Italians of the Renaissance
(fourteenth through sixteenth century) are widely acknowledged to be the
fathers of modern accounting. In particular, Benedetto Cotrugli invented
the "Double Entry". Frater
Luca Bartolomes Pacioli invented the Pacioli's System of memorandum,
journal and ledger, and wrote many books on accounting. Chartered accountants
originated in Scotland.  Source "Accounting a Virtual History"
"Some of the earliest known writing
discovered by archaeologists has, when translated, been found to be records
of tax accounting. Such writings have been found on clay tablets from Egypt
and Mesopotamia from as early as 2000 to 3300 B.C."  Source "Accounting
& Auditing History" by Marla Matzer Rose
An
Invitation to Accounting History
Very advanced study material.
Paripatetic
History of Accounting
Accounting
& Auditing History
Algebra
According to http://www.museums.reading.ac.uk:
The first treatise on algebra was written by Diophantus of Alexandria in
the 3rd century AD. Algebra comes from the Arabic word aljabr an ancient
medical term meaning "the reunion of broken parts.''
Archimedes
Archimedes was a mathematician and
inventor from ancient Greece, best known for his discovery of the relation
between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cyclinder,
for his formulation of a hydrostatic principle (Archimedes' principle)
and for inventing the Archimedes screw (a device for raising water).
Differential
Gottfried
Wilhelm Leibniz (b. 1646, d. 1716) was a German philosopher, mathematician,
and logician who is probably most well known for having invented the differential
and integral calculus (independently of Sir Isaac
Newton).
Graph
A graph is a pictorial representation
of statistical data or of a functional relationship between variables.
Logarithms and the Decimal Point
John Napier
John Napier was the Scottish mathematician
who invented logarithms and the decimal point.
Mathematics
Babylonian
Mathematics  from About
Modern mathematics owes a debt to
the base sixty system and tables of the Ancient Babylonians.
History
of Mathematics
Short biographies of more than 1,100
mathematicians, with articles on the development of mathematical ideas.
Mathematics
History Topic Index
Click on a topic on the list to
see that article.
History
of Mathematics
A long list of articles published
by "Math Pages".
Earliest
Uses of Various Mathematical Symbols
Biographies
of Women Mathematicians
Blaise
Pascal
Blaise Pascal, the French scientist
was one of the most reputed mathematician and physicist of his time.
Pythagoreanism
The philosophical school and religious
brotherhood, believed to have been founded by Pythagoras of Samos, who
settled in Croton in southern Italy about 525 BC. The group had a profound
effect on the development of mathematics.
The Protractor
An instrument used to construct
and measure plane angles. The simple protractor looks like a semicircular
disk marked with degrees, from 0º to180º. The simple protractor
is an ancient device. The first complex protractor was created for plotting
the position of a boat on navigational charts. Called a threearm
protractor or station pointer, it was invented in 1801, by Joseph Huddart,
a U.S. naval captain. The centre arm is fixed, while the outer two are
rotatable, capable of being set at any angle relative to the centre one.
Zero
Zero was invented by the Hindu mathematicians
Aryabhata and Varamihara in India around or shortly after the year 520
A.D.
Math Symbol
Trivia
In 1557, the =
sign first used by Robert Record.
In 1631, >,<
was introduced by Thomas Harriot.
More symbol Trivia
More listings to come...
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