Animated Kaleidoscope photographs by Gerald
The kaleidoscope was invented by
Sir David Brewster, a Scottish scientist, in 1816, and patented
(GB 4136) by him
in 1817. He named his invention after the Greek words, kalos or beautiful,
eidos or form, and scopos or watcher. So kaleidoscope means the beautiful
form watcher. Brewster's kaleidoscope was a tube containing loose pieces
of colored glass and other pretty objects, reflected by mirrors or glass
lenses set at angles, that created patterns when viewed through the end
of the tube.
Later in the early 1870’s, an American called
(1825-1900) improved upon the kaleidoscope and started the kaleidoscope fad. Charles Bush
was granted patents in 1873 - 1874 related to improvements in kaleidoscopes,
kaleidoscope boxes, objects for kaleidoscopes (US 143,271), and kaleidoscope
stands. Bush was the first person to mass manufacturer his "parlor"
kaleidoscope in America.
with >>> Mirrors.