of the early forerunners to the modern Jukebox as we know was the Nickel-in-the-Slot
machine. In 1889, Louis Glass and William S. Arnold, placed a coin-operated
cylinder phonograph in the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco. It was
an Edison Class M Electric Phonograph in an oak cabinet that was refitted
with a coin mechanism patented (U.S. 428,750) by Glass and Arnold. This
was the first Nickel-in-the-Slot. The machine had no amplification and
patrons had to listen to the music using one of four listening tubes. In
its first six months of service, the Nickel-in-the-Slot earned over $1000.
Factors Affecting the History
of the Jukebox*
During the 1890s, recordings had become
popular primarily through coin-in-the-slot phonographs in public places.
In the decade 1910-20, the phonograph
became a truly mass medium for popular music, and recordings of large-scale
orchestral works and other classical instrumental music proliferated.
In the mid-1920s, radio, which provided
free music, developed, and this new factor, plus the worldwide economic
depression of the 1930s, threw the phonograph industry into serious decline.
During the 1930s, as the American companies
relied mainly on dance records in jukeboxes to satisfy a dwindled market,
Europe supplied a slow but steady trickle of classical recordings.
History The history of Rock-Ola jukeboxes,
Seeburg jukeboxes and Wurlitzer jukeboxes.
Questions & Answers "Manufacturers did not call them
"jukeboxes", they called them Automatic Coin-Operated Phonographs (or Automatic
Phonographs, or Coin-Operated Phonographs). The term "jukebox" appeared
in the 1930's and originated in the southern United States."