You are here:

FREE Newsletter

John Standard
An improved refrigerator design was patented by African American inventor John Standard.
Related History
Kitchen Appliances
Refrigerator History
Stove History
Black Inventors
By Mary Bellis

John Standard patent #455,891An improved refrigerator design was patented by African American inventor John Standard of Newark, NJ, on 7/14/1891 - U.S. patent #455,891 - See patent drawing left. John Standard was also granted U.S. patent #413,689 on 10/29/1889 for an oil stove. 

In his patent for the refrigerator John Standard declared, "This invention relates to improvements in refrigerators; and it consists of certain novel arrangements and combinations of parts." This means that John Standard was saying that he had found a way to improve the design of a refrigerator that he looked at a existing refrigerator and made it better. 

Contrary to popular folklore John Standard did not invent the very first refrigerator, however, every patent represents something that has not be done before and most utility patents are issued for what is called an "improvement." Improvements are the work of inventors and often it is the improved design that succeeds.

Continue with >>> Refrigerator History

Subscribe to the Newsletter

From Mary Bellis,
Your Guide to Inventors.
FREE Newsletter. Sign Up Now!

Important disclaimer information about this About site.

Newsletters & RSSEmail to a friendAdd to
All Topics | Email Article | |
Our Story | Be a Guide | Advertising Info | News & Events | Work at About | Site Map | Reprints | Help
User Agreement | Ethics Policy | Patent Info. | Privacy Policy | Kids' Privacy Policy

©2006 About, Inc., A part of The New York Times Company. All rights reserved.
Mental Health

Depression Self-Test Vitamins for Depression? Bipolar Red Flags Coping With Disasters Celebrities With Bipolar

What's Hot

Gyroscopes - Elmer Sperry and Charles Stark Draper Gyroscope...Angel AlcalaThe History of the BikiniRusi Taleyarkhan Jack Johnson