Jethro Tull invented the seed drill
(in 1701), the horse-drawn hoe, and an improved plough. Tull was educated
at Oxford, England where studied law, he later studied agriculture during
his travels across Europe. Jethro Tull inherited land in the southern part
of England where he put into practice his study of agriculture.
His seed drill would sow seed in
uniform rows and cover up the seed in the rows. Up to that point, sowing
seeds was done by hand by scattering seeds on the ground. Tull considered
this method wasteful since many seeds did not take root. The first prototype
seed drill was built from the foot pedals of Jethro Tull's local church
Jethro Tull was part of a group of
farmers who founded the Norfolk system, an early attempt to apply science
to farming. In 1731, Jethro Tull published "The New Horse Houghing Husbandry:
or, an Essay on the Principles of Tillage and Vegetation".
and Farm Innovations
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