of the Flashlight
"Let There Be Light" -- The
flashlight was invented in 1898, and the biblical quote of "Let There Be
Light" was on the cover of the 1899 Eveready catalog.
The original owner of the American
Eveready Battery Company, Joshua Lionel Cowen, abandoned the hardware company
to pursue his real passion of trains. Cowen was an inventor of sorts; he
developed a fuse to ignite photographic flash powder. Though the invention
failed in its intent, the U.S. Navy bought up the fuses to use with underwater
Cowen next came up with an idea for
a decorative lighting fixture for potted plants: a metal tube with a light
bulb and a dry cell battery that could run the light bulb for 30 days.
He passed the idea along to one of his Eveready salespersons, Conrad Hubert,
along with his company. Hubert turned the metal tube, light bulb and battery
into the world's first flashlight, and began selling the batteries and
the flashlight, together and as separate items.
Hubert became a multi-millionaire,
Eveready became a huge company, and Joshua Lionel Cowen finally achieved
the success he really wanted: he was the person who invented toy trains
in 1900. As happened with the fuses and the flashlight, Cowen was actually
trying to invent something else when he invented toy trains. He originally
intended to create a store window display, a battery powered toy
car that travelled on a circle of track. People wanted to buy the display
more than the real merchandise for sale. Cowen started Lionel Model Trains.
Lionel Cowen 1877-1965
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