and Alexander Bain
History of the Fax Machine
The fax machine was invented by
Alexander Bain. Also see Facsimile
& SSTV History
Facsimile (Fax Machine) a method
of encoding data, transmitting it over the telephone lines or radio broadcast,
and receiving hard (text) copy, line drawings, or photographs.
Alexander Bain invented a fax machine
capable of receiving signals from a telegraph wire and translating them
into images on paper.
The fax machine was invented in
1842 by Alexander Bain, who used clock mechanisms to transfer an image
from one sheet of electrically conductive paper to another.
Facsimile transmission over wires
or faxing was invented by Alexander Bain, a Scottish mechanic who in 1843
received a British patent for “improvements in producing and regulating
electric currents and improvements in timepieces and in electric printing
and signal telegraphs.” Seven years earlier, Samuel Morse invented the
and the fax machine evolved from the telegraph technology.
Alexander Bain had created a fax
machine transmitter that was designed to scan a flat surface (made of metal)
using a stylus mounted on a pendulum and the stylus picked up the images
on the surface. An amateur clock maker, Alexander Bain adapted parts from
clock mechanisms combined with telegraph technology to invent his fax machine.
Firsts in Fax Machine History
with >>> Office
In 1902, Dr Arthur Korn invented an
improved and practical fax, the photoelectric system.
In 1914, Edouard Belin established the
concept for remote fax photo/news reporting.
The American Telephone & Telegraph
Company (AT&T) worked to improve telephone facsimile technology, and
in 1924, the telephotography machine was used to send political convention
photos long distance for newspaper publication.
On March 4, 1955, the first radio facsimile
transmission was sent across the continent.