McKinley Jones was one of the most prolific Black inventors ever. Frederick
Jones patented more than sixty inventions, however, he is best known for
inventing an automatic refrigeration system for long-haul trucks in 1935
(a roof-mounted cooling device). Jones was the first person to invent a
practical, mechanical refrigeration system for trucks and railroad cars,
which eliminated the risk of food spoilage during long-distance shipping
trips. The system was, in turn, adapted to a variety of other common carriers,
including ships. Frederick Jones was issued the patent on July 12, 1940
Frederick Jones also invented a self-starting
gas engine and a series of devices for movie projectors: adapting silent
movie projectors for talking films, and developing box office equipment
that delivered tickets and gave change.
Frederick Jones was born in in Covington,
Kentucky near Cincinnati, Ohio on on May 17, 1893. He was a trained mechanic,
a skill he learned doing military service in France during World War. His
mastery of electronic devices was largely self-taught, through work experience
and the inventing process.
Frederick McKinley Jones was granted
more than 40 patents in the field of refrigeration. Frederick Jones' inspiration
for the refrigeration unit was a conversation with a truck driver who had
lost a shipment of chickens because the trip took too long and the
truck's storage compartment overheated. Frederick Jones also developed
an air-conditioning unit for military field hospitals and a refrigerator
for military field kitchens. Frederick Jones received over 60 patents during
of patents for Frederick M. Jones
Frederick McKinley Jones applied
the mechanical experience he gained at work and at war to improve two industries:
cinema and refrigeration..
King - Frederick Jones' Company
C Refrigeration Unit (1940)
Frederick McKinley Jones invented
the an automatic refrigeration system for long-haul trucks.
Frederick M. Jones held more than
60 patents in a variety of fields, but refngeration was his specialization.
In 1935, he invented the an automatic refrigeration system for long-haul
M. Jones - Biography
Frederick McKinley Jones was the
inventor of the first practical refrigeration system for long haul trucks.
His system was later adapted to a variety of other carriers including ships
and railway cars.
Frederick McKinley Jones
Frederick Jones exhibited an early
passion for the mechanics of the automobile.
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