Diesel (1858 - 1913)
Diesel was born in Paris in 1858. His parents were Bavarian immigrants.
Rudolf Diesel was educated at Munich Polytechnic. After graduation he was
employed as a refrigerator engineer. However, he true love lay in engine
design. Rudolf Diesel designed many heat engines, including a solar-powered
air engine. In 1893, he published a paper describing an engine with combustion
within a cylinder, the internal combustion engine. In 1894, he filed for
a patent for his new invention, dubbed the diesel engine. Rudolf Diesel
was almost killed by his engine when it exploded. However, his engine was
the first that proved that fuel could be ignited without a spark. He operated
his first successful engine in 1897.
In 1898, Rudolf Diesel was granted
patent #608,845 for an "internal combustion engine" the Diesel engine.
The diesel engines of today are refined
and improved versions of Rudolf Diesel's original concept. They are often
used in submarines, ships, locomotives, and large trucks and in electric
Though best known for his invention
of the pressure-ignited heat engine that bears his name, Rudolf Diesel
was also a well-respected thermal engineer and a social theorist. Rudolf
Diesel's inventions have three points in common: They relate to heat transference
by natural physical processes or laws; they involve markedly creative mechanical
design; and they were initially motivated by the inventor's concept of
sociological needs. Rudolf Diesel originally conceived the diesel engine
to enable independent craftsmen and artisans to compete with large industry.
At Augsburg, on August 10, 1893,
Rudolf Diesel's prime model, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel
at its base, ran on its own power for the first time. Rudolf Diesel spent
two more years making improvements and in 1896 demonstrated another model
with the theoretical efficiency of 75 percent, in contrast to the ten percent
efficiency of the steam engine. By 1898, Rudolf Diesel was a millionaire.
His engines were used to power pipelines, electric and water plants, automobiles
and trucks, and marine craft, and soon after were used in mines, oil fields,
factories, and transoceanic shipping.
Rudolf Diesel was the inventor of
the diesel fueled internal combustion engine.
of the Diesel
In 1892, Rudolf Diesel was issued
a patent for a proposed engine, in which air would be compressed so much
that the temperature would far exceed the ignition temperature of the fuel.
Inventors - A - Z
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