Hendrik Baekeland - Bakelite
Hendrik Baekeland was born in Ghent, Belgium, in 1863. He immigrated to
the United States in 1889. His first major invention was Velox, a photographic
printing paper that could be developed under artificial light. Baekeland
sold the rights Velox to George Eastman and
Kodak for for one million dollars in 1899. He then started his own laboratory
in Yonkers, New York, where he invented Bakelite in 1907, a synthetic substitute
for the shellac used in electronic insulation.
Bakelite was made by mixing Carbolic
Acid with Formaldehyde, it is considered the first plastic. In 1909, Bakelite
was introduced to the general public at a chemical conference. Baekeland
founded the General Bakelite Corp. In 1944, Baekeland died at the age of
eighty years in Beacon, N.Y.
Bakerlite was used to manufacture
everything form telephone handsets or costume jewelry for example as well
as engine parts and insulation for electronics.
Leo Hendrik Baekeland patented a
"Method of Making Insoluble Products of Phenol and Formaldehyde"
Setting out to make an insulator,
he invented the first true plastic ( Bakelite ) and transformed the world.
Plastic inventor - Invention Dimension.
One of the earliest synthetics was
Bakelite, a polymeric plastic made from phenol and formaldehyde. Leo Hendrik
Baekeland invented Bakelite in 1907, and his inventive and entrepreneurial
genius also propelled him into several other new chemical technological
ventures at the turn of the twentieth century.
Books on Bakelite (compare prices)
Deco Bakelite Jewelry and Boxes
Bangle Price and Identification Guide
in the Kitchen
Jewelry : Good, Better & Best
Radios : The Collector's Corner
A to Z
Bakelizer illustration by mary bellis
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