Volvo had the first safety belts in 1849.
The first U.S. patent for automobile seat beats was issued to
Edward J. Claghorn of New York, New York on February 10,
1885. Claghorn was
granted United States Patent #312,085 for a Safety-Belt for tourists, described in the
patent as "designed to be applied to the person, and provided with hooks
and other attachments for securing the person to a fixed object."
inventor, Nils Bohlin
invented the three-point seat belt - not the
first but the modern seatbelt - now a standard safety device in most cars.
Nils Bohlin's lap-and-shoulder belt was introduced by Volvo in 1959.
2-Point Seat Belt: A
restraint system with two attachment points. A lap belt.
3-Point Seat Belt: A seat
belt with both a lap and a shoulder portion, having three attachment points
(one shoulder, two hips).
A seat belt anchored at two points, for use across the occupant's thighs/hips.
A seat belt that is anchored at three points and restrains the occupant at the
hips and across the shoulder; also called a “combination belt”.
Car Seats - Child
The first child car seats were invented in 1921, following the introduction of
the Henry Ford's Model
T, however, they were very different from today's car seat. The earliest
versions were essentially sacks with drawstring attached to the back seat. In
1978, Tennessee became the first American State to require child safety seat
with >>> The
History of the Automobile
Photo credit: seat belt - NTSA