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Humphry Davy (1778-1829)
Humphry Davy
Sir Humphry Davy
Outline of Humphry Davy's achievements.
Humphry Davy
Humphrey Davy encouraged manufacturers to take a scientific approach to production. His discoveries in chemistry helped to improve several industries including agriculture, mining and tanning.
Humphry Davy
Humphry Davy
Son of an impoverished Cornish woodcarver, rose meteorically to become a leader in the reformed chemistry movement initiated by Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier—albeit a critic of some of its basic premises—and a pioneer in the new field of electrochemistry. 
Related innovations
Timeline of Lightbulbs
Michael Faraday
"Fortunately science, like that nature to which it belongs, is neither limited by time nor by space. It belongs to the world, and is of no country and no age. The more we know, the more we feel our ignorance; the more we feel how much remains unknown..." - Humphry Davy November 30, 1825 
Sir Humphry Davy was a famous British inventor, the leading chemist of his day, and a philosopher.

Pure sodium was first isolated by Humphry Davy in 1807 through the electrolysis of caustic soda (NaOH). Barium was first isolated by Humphry Davy in 1808 through the electrolysis of molten baryta (BaO). Cool flames were accidentally discovered in 1817 by Humphry Davy, at temperatures as low as 120 °C, fuel-air mixtures react chemically and produce very weak flames called cool flames.

In 1809, Humphry Davy invented the first electric light. Davy connected two wires to a battery and attached a charcoal strip betwween the other ends of the wires. The charged carbon glowed making the first arc lamp. Davy later invented the miner's safety lamp in 1815.  The lamp called firedamp or minedamp, allowed for the mining of deep seams despite the presence of methane and other flammable gases.

Humphry Davy's laboratory assistant was Michael Faraday, who went on to extend Davy's work and became famous in his own right. 

Humphry Davy Achievements

  • Proved that it was not using two different metals that made the Voltaic Pile work. 
  • Discovered the medical properties of nitrous oxide or laughing gas.
  • Boron compounds have been known for thousands of years, but the element was not discovered until 1808 by Sir Humphry Davy, Gay-Lussac and Thenard. 
  • Performed the first electrochemical decompositions, isolating potassium, sodium, barium, strontium, calcium, and magnesium.
  • Invented the first electric light.
  • Invented the miner's safety lamp.
Next page > Timeline of Lightbulbs

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